Acne is a disorder of the skin caused by inflammation of the skin glands and hair follicles. Washing away surface oils does not do much to prevent or cure it. Fortunately, we’ll share some of the most common acne treatments, including: topical medications, oral medications and therapies.
Below are the 3 common acne treatments:
– Benzoyl peroxide: Benzoyl peroxide works as an antiseptic to reduce the number of bacteria on the surface of the skin. It also helps to reduce the number of whiteheads and blackheads, and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
– Retinoids: Topical retinoids work by removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin (exfoliating) which helps to prevent them building up within hair follicles.
Apply to all the parts of your face affected by acne 20 minutes after washing your face.
It’s important to apply topical retinoids sparingly and avoid excessive exposure to sunlight and UV.
– Antibiotics: Topical antibiotics help kill the bacteria on the skin that can infect plugged hair follicles. They’re available as a lotion or gel that is applied once or twice a day.
A six- to eight-week course is usually recommended. After this, treatment is usually stopped, as there’s a risk that the bacteria on your face could become resistant to the antibiotics. Source: NHS
– Oral contraceptives: Oral contraceptives, which are low in estrogen to promote safety, have little effect on acne one way or the other.
– Spironolactone (Aldactone): This drug blocks androgen (hormone) receptors. It can cause breast tenderness, menstrual irregularities, and increased potassium levels in the bloodstream.
– Cortisone injections: To make large pimples and cysts flatten out fast, doctors inject them with a form of cortisone.
– Isotretinoin: has a high risk of inducing birth defects if taken by pregnant women. Source: MedicineNet
– Light therapy: A variety of light-based therapies have been tried with success. But further study is needed to determine the ideal method, light source and dose.
– Chemical peel: This procedure uses repeated applications of a chemical solution, such as salicylic acid. It is most effective when combined with other acne treatments, except oral retinoids.
– Extraction of whiteheads and blackheads: Your dermatologist uses special tools to gently remove whiteheads and blackheads (comedos) that haven’t cleared up with topical medications.
– Steroid injection: Nodular and cystic lesions can be treated by injecting a steroid drug directly into them. This improves their appearance without the need for extraction. Source: MayoClinic
For more information and treatment options, contact us here today!
Beautiful Canadian Laser & Skin Care Clinic
13805 104 Ave #101, Surrey, BC V3T 1W7